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Kreuzberg – A hill with history

Kreuzberg
Viktoriapark waterfalls📌
With its 66 meters, the Kreuzberg is not only the highest elevation in the city center. The trendy district was also named after it.
King Friedrich Wilhelm III. established a German national memorial to the victories of the liberation wars on the top of the hill. Schinkel’s monument was inaugurated on March 30, 1821 - celebrating the anniversary of storming the Montmartre. Since the continuous development of the Tempelhof suburb prevented an unhindered view of the memorial, King Wilhelm I. decided to put the almost 20-meters and 200-tonnes monument hydraulically on an eight-meters high platform in 1878/1879. In 1888, the Viktoriapark was created at its feet, accompanied by an artificial waterfall imitating the Zackelfall in the Sudeten Mountains.
National monument to the liberation war📌
Viktoriapark📌
National monument to the liberation war📌

Wine-growing in the capital
Since the 15th century, vines were grown at the Kreuzberg mountainside. But the hard winter of 1740 put an end to that tradition throughout Berlin for more than 200 years. Since 1968, the success of the viticulture on the northslope of the Kreuzberg has been repeated. The dry wine called “Kreuz-Neroberger” is only given to chosen guests by the district administration and is not for sale on the market.

Naming
The name Kreuzberg dates back to the “Eisernes Kreuz” (Iron Cross), an Order of Merit that was donated during a war against Napoleon, forming the memorial’s ground plan. That too was designed by Schinkel. Marking the civic emancipation movement, it was the first to be awarded regardless of social status.